The history of coffee dates back to centuries of old oral tradition in modern day Ethiopia. However, neither where coffee was first cultivated nor direct evidence of its consumption prior to the 15th century have been found.The early history of coffee is shrouded in myth and uncertainty.
Before 1000A.D to 1500
Before 1000 A.D .Members of the Galla use berries from coffee tree, ground up and mixed with animal fat to give them energy during the day. In 1000 A.D. Arab traders bring coffee with them and domesticate the coffee plant. They also use them to boil a drink they call qahwa. It is believed that in 1453 Ottoman Turks bring coffee to Constantinople and the world’s first coffee shop with the name of Kiva Han opened in Constantinople. In 1511 Khair Beg, who was governor of Mecca, tried to ban coffee. He feared that drinking coffee would spark the rebellion against him. The sultan at the time proclaimed coffee sacred and had the governor executed.
History of Coffee from 1600- 1700
In 1600 Coffee is brought to Venice by Italian traders and starts spreading the West hemisphere. Pope Advisers of the Clement VIII tried to persuade him to declare coffee an infidel threat because it comes from the Ottoman Empire but he baptized it and declared it an acceptable Christian drink. In 1607 Captain John Smith was one of the founders the colony of Virginia at Jamestown and introduces coffee to North America. In the year of 1645 Italy gets its first coffeehouse and in 1652 Time for England to get its first coffeehouse. Coffee becomes favorite breakfast drink in New York’s City’s taking place of the beer in 1668. In 1668 Edward Lloyd opens his coffeehouse in England and has many merchants and maritime insurance agents as guests. This place becomes Lloyd’s of London, world-known insurance company. In1672 the First coffeehouse opens in Paris. Franz Georg Kolschitzky, a Viennese who had lived in Turkey, opens the first coffee house in Vienna from spoils of battle for Vienna in In 1683 while it is believed that bags of coffee that were left by Turkish Army. In 1690 The Dutch smuggle a coffee plant out of the Arab port of Mocha and become the first to transport and cultivate coffee commercially.
History of Coffee from 1700- 1800
later in Java and Sumatra, ultimately giving coffee the nickname Java1710.Rather than boiling, French pour hot water through grounds in cloth bag. First infusion brewing method was introduced in 1723. Gabriel Mathieu de Clieu brings coffee tree to Martinique. Most of the coffee in Latin America descends from this tree. 1773was the year when during the Boston Tea Party, rebellious American colonists throw British tea overboar it becomes patriotic to drink coffee. In 1781 Frederick the Great forbids most Prussian coffee roasting by making slogan “My people must drink beer.” In 1806 Napoleon declares France self-sufficient, promotes chicory over coffeewhile in 1850 James Folger arrives in San Francisco during the Gold Rush, he makes his fortune from coffee. 1864: American Jabez Burns invents an efficient, self-dumping roaster. 1878: Caleb Chase and James Sanborn form Chase & Sanborn. 1892:
History of Coffee from 1900 and onwards
1900 was the year when Hills Bros. starts to pack roast coffee in vacuum tins which marks the moment of the decline of the local roasting shops and coffee mills. In 1901 Japanese-American chemist Satori Kato of Chicago invents the first soluble instant coffee. In 1903 “Sanka” was invented by the researchers of the German coffee importer Ludwig Roselius 1906 The first mass-produced instant coffee was invented by George Constant Washington, an English chemist living in Guatemala. In 1920 as the Prohibition starts in the United States, coffee sales rise. Nestle company invented freeze-dried coffee as a method for Brazil to keep their coffee surpluses in 1938. From that Nestle invents Nescafe. The US imports 70 percent of the world coffee crop 1940. During W.W.II, American soldiers get instant Maxwell House coffee in their ration kits while at the home front uncontrolled hoarding coerced government to ration coffee in 1942. In Italy, Achilles Gaggia perfects his espresso machine 1946. Starbucks opens its first store in Seattle’s Pike Place public market in 1971.
How Many Types of Coffee Existed Today –
Coffee drinks are made by brewing water with ground coffee beans The brewing is either done slowly by drip , filter, French press, or percolator or done very quickly under pressure by an Espresso Machine When put under the pressure of an espresso machine, the coffee is termed espresso while slow-brewed coffees are generally termed brewed coffee. While all coffee drinks are based on either coffee or espresso, some drinks add milk or cream, some are made with steamed milk or non-dairy milks, or add water like the americano. Upon milk additions, coffee’s flavor can vary with different syrups or sweeteners, alcoholic liqueurs, and even combinations of coffee with espresso or tea. There are many variations to the basic coffee or espresso bases.
MOST COMMON VARIETIES OF COFFEE
- Coffee with Milk
- Coffee with Tea
- Liqueur Coffee
- Slow Brewed Espresso
- Coffee with Condensed Milk
8- CANNED COFFEE
11- AFFOGATO COFFEE
There is a whole lot going on within the coffee industry; thousands of people are employed in the industry. Caffeine is responsible for many jobs, including coffee farming and processing, coffee trading, transportation and coffee marketing. The entire coffee industry generates about more than $60 billion each year. But it all begins with a simple bean, found at the center of a small berry that grows on a medium sized tree and flowers once every year, then drops its seeds to be reaped by others. They’re harvested in the morning and after that they are dried, roasted, ground, and then brewed into coffee or espresso. Coffee also called coffee bean, is the seed fruit of the Coffee plant. Coffee is a flowering tree native to Ethiopia and is the only coffee plant species that has been domesticated. Coffee plants have a hard woody stem, grow to a height of about 15 meters (50 feet), and are dioecious, having separate male and female plants. The fruits are green berries containing a single seed which is about2.0 cm (3.39 inches) long and4.75 cm (5.29 inches) wide. The coffee plant was first domesticated in the region of Ethiopia and the highlands of Yemen, where it is still grown. It is one of the most important cash crops for many countries around the world.